Horwood C, Luthuli S, Mapumulo S, Haskins L, Jensen C, Pansegrouw D, McKerrow N. 2022. Challenges of using e-Health technologies to support clinical care in rural Africa: a longitudinal mixed methods study exploring primary health care nurses’ experiences of using an electronic Clinical Decision Support System (CDSS) in South Africa. BMC Health Services Research (2023) 23:30

Doherty T, Horwood C, Pereira-Kotze, du Plessis L, Witten C. Stemming commercial milk formula marketing: now is the time for radical transformation to build resilience for breastfeeding. February 2023. Lancet Breastfeeding series S0140-6736(23)00095-8

Victoria Oyekunle, Andrew Gibbs & Andrew Tomita (2023) Assessing the role of depression in reducing intimate partner violence perpetration among young men living in urban informal settlements using a mediation analysis of the Stepping Stones and Creating Futures intervention, Global Health Action, 16:1, 2188686, DOI: 10.1080/16549716.2023.2188686

Kathree T, Bachmann M, Bhana A, Grant M, Mntambo N, Gigaba S, et al. Management of Depression in Chronic Care Patients Using a Task-Sharing Approach in a Real-World Primary Health Care Setting in South Africa: Outcomes of a Cohort Study. Community Ment Health J. 2023.

Bolton, P., West, J., Whitney, C. et al. Expanding Mental Health Services in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: A Task-Shifting Framework for Delivery of Comprehensive, Collaborative Community-Based Care. Global Mental Health. 2023. DOI: 10.1017/gmh.

Grant, M., Bhana, A., Kathree, T…Petersen, I. The feasibility of a Community Mental Health Education and Detection (CMED) tool in South Africa. Social Science and Medicine Mental Health. 2023; DOI: 10.1016/j.ssmmh.2023.100188

Bass J, Chibanda D, Petersen I, Winkler P, Sijbrandij M, Shidhaye R. Introducing Cambridge Prisms: Global Mental Health. Glob Ment Health (Camb). 2023;10:e7.

Asher L, Rapiya B, Repper J, Reddy T, Myers B, Hanlon C, et al. Peer-led recovery groups for people with psychosis in South Africa (PRIZE): protocol for a randomised controlled feasibility trial. Pilot and feasibility studies. 2023;9(1):19.

Curran R, Murdoch J, van Rensburg AJ, Bachmann M, Awotiwon A, Ras CJ, et al. A health systems intervention to strengthen the integration of tuberculosis and COVID-19 detection: Outcomes of a quasi-experimental study in a high burden tuberculosis district in KwaZulu Natal, South Africa. Trop Med Int Health. 2023.

Mabusela M, Tomita A, Paruk S, Paruk F. Prevalence of depressive symptoms in patients with rheumatoid arthritis at a regional hospital in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. S Afr J Psychiat. 2022;28(0), a1702. Copyright: © 2022. The Authors. Licensee: AOSIS.

Luthuli S, Haskins L, Mapumulo S, and Horwood C Does the unconditional cash transfer program in South Africa provide support for women after child birth? Barriers to accessing the child support grant among women in informal work in Durban, South Africa. (2022) 22:112

Horwood C, Luthuli S, Pereira Kotze C, Haskins L, Kingston G, Dlamini Nqeketo S, Tshitaudzi G Doherty T. An exploration of pregnant women and mothers’ attitudes, perceptions and experiences of formula feeding and formula marketing, and the factors that influence decision-making about infant feeding in South Africa. BMC Public Health (2022) 22:393

Seward N, Hanlon C, Abdella A, Abrahams Z, Alem A, Araya R, et al. HeAlth System StrEngThening in four sub-Saharan African countries (ASSET) to achieve high-quality, evidence-informed surgical, maternal and newborn, and primary care: protocol for pre-implementation phase studies. Global health action. 2022;15(1):1987044.

Fekadu A, Demissie M, Birhane R, Medhin G, Bitew T, Hailemariam M, et al. Under detection of depression in primary care settings in low and middle-income countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Systematic reviews. 2022;11(1):21.

Kumar M, Verdeli H, Saxena S, Petersen I, Huang KY, Othieno C, et al. Modifying Group Interpersonal Psychotherapy for Peripartum Adolescents in Sub-Saharan African Context: Reviewing Differential Contextual and Implementation Considerations. Clinical Medicine Insights: Psychiatry. 2022;13:11795573221075573.

Brathwaite,R., Ssewamala,F.M., Sensoy Bahar,O., McKay,M.M., Neilands, T.B., Namatovu,P., Kiyingi, J., Zmachinski,L., Nabayinda, J., Huang, K.Y., Kivumbi,A., Bhana, A., Mwebembezi, A., Petersen,I., Hoagwood, K. (2022). The longitudinal impact of an evidence-based multiple family group intervention (Amaka Amasanyufu) on oppositional defiant disorder and impaired functioning among children in Uganda: analysis of a cluster randomized trial from the SMART Africa-Uganda scale-up study (2016–2022). Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry.

Karina Ranjit, Vuyokazi Ntlantsana, Andrew Tomita and Saeeda Paruk. Screen Time and Mental Health Among Adolescents Implications of the Rise in Digital Environment in South Africa. Copyright © 2022 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. ISSN: 0022-3018/22/0000–0000 DOI: 10.1097/NMD.0000000000001509. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease Volume 00, Number 00, Month 2022.

Dawood B, Tomita A, Ramlall S (2022) ‘Unheard,’ ‘uncared for’ and ‘unsupported’: The mental health impact of Covid -19 on healthcare workers in KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa. PLoS ONE 17(5): e0266008. 10.1371/journal.pone.0266008.

Armstrong Dzomba, Hae‑Young Kim, Andrew Tomita, Alain Vandormael, Kaymarlin Govender and Frank Tanser. Predictors of migration in an HIV hyper‑endemic rural South African community: evidence from a population‑based cohort (2005–2017). Dzomba et al. BMC Public Health (2022) 22:1141

Victoria Oyekunle, Andrew Tomita & Andrew Gibbs (2022): High levels of poor mental health among young men in urban informal settlements in South Africa: a community-based study of social determinants, Psychology, Health & Medicine, DOI: 10.1080/13548506.2022.2088816

Pereira-Kotze CJ, Horwood C, Haskins L, et al. Exploring Women’s Exposure to Marketing of Commercial Formula Products: A Qualitative Marketing Study from Two Sites in South Africa. Global Health Action

Doherty T, Pereira-Kotze CJ, Luthuli S, et al. They push their products through me: health professionals’ perspectives on and exposure to marketing of commercial milk formula in Cape Town and Johannesburg, South Africa – a qualitative study. BMJ Open 2022;12: e055872. doi:10.1136/ bmjopen-2021-055872

Christiane Horwood, Silondile Luthuli, Jessica Chiliza, Sphindile Mapumulo, Lyn Haskins. It’s not the destination it’s the journey: lessons from a longitudinal ‘mixed’ mixed-methods study among female informal workers in South Africa. International Journal for Qualitative Research (accepted for publication)

Haskins, Luthuli, Mapumulo, Kathree, Horwood. Exploring the roles of fathers from the perspective of informal women workers: a longitudinal mixed methods study from Durban, South Africa. Journal of Family Studies. Accepted for publication

Gisele Bokundabi, Lyn Haskins, Christiane Horwood, Césarine Kuwa, Paulin Mutombo, Vaughn M. John, Mala Ali Mapatano Jean-Pierre Banea When knowledge is not enough: Barriers to recommended cassava processing in resource-constrained Kwango, DRC. Journal of Public Health in Africa. Accpeted for publication

Desmond C, Watt K, Tomlinson M, Williamson J, Sherr L, Sullivan M & Cluver L. (2022) Other people’s children and the critical role of the social service workforce, Vulnerable Children and Youth Studies, DOI:10.1080/17450128.2022.2040762

Unwin HJ, Hillis S, Cluver L, Flaxman S, Goldman PS, Butchart A, Bachman G, Rawlings L, Donnelly CA, Ratmann O, Green P. Nelson C, Blenkinsop A, Bhatt S, Desmond C, Villaveces A, Sherr L. Global, regional, and national minimum estimates of children affected by COVID-19-associated orphanhood and caregiver death, by age and family circumstance up to Oct 31, 2021: an updated modelling study. The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health. 2022 Feb 25

Somefun OD, Casale M, Haupt Ronnie G, Desmond C, Cluver L, Sherr L. Decade of research into the acceptability of interventions aimed at improving adolescent and youth health and social outcomes in Africa: a systematic review and evidence mapBMJ Open 2021;11:e055160. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2021-055160

Kwabena Asare, Farzana Osman, Sinaye Ngcapu, Alain Vandormae, Nivashnee Naicker, Mlungisi Khanyile, Adrian Mindel, Salim S. Abdool Karim, Andrew Tomita, Nigel Garrett. Burden of sexually transmitted infections from acute HIV infection among women in South Africa: Evidence from a prospective cohor study. 1047-2797/© 2022 Elsevier Inc.

Spedding M, Kohrt B, Myers B, Stein DJ, Petersen I, Lund C, Sorsdahl K (2022). ENhancing Assessment of Common Therapeutic factors (ENACT) tool: adaptation and psychometric properties in South Africa. Global Mental Health 1–9.

Karyotaki E, Araya R, Kessler RC, Waqas A, Bhana A, Rahman A, et al. Association of Task-Shared Psychological Interventions With Depression Outcomes in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: A Systematic Review and Individual Patient Data Meta-analysis. JAMA psychiatry. 2022;79(5):430-43.

Babatunde GB, van Rensburg AJ, Bhana A, Petersen I. Identifying multilevel and multisectoral strategies to develop a Theory of Change for improving child and adolescent mental health services in a case-study district in South Africa. Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health. 2022;16(1):45.

Nkhoma KB, Cook A, Giusti A, Farrant L, Petrus R, Petersen I, et al. A systematic review of impact of person-centred interventions for serious physical illness in terms of outcomes and costs. BMJ open. 2022;12(7):e054386.

Kumar M, Atwoli L, Burgess RA, Gaddour N, Huang KY, Kola L, …Petersen, I, Shidaye, R. What should equity in global health research look like? Lancet. 2022. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(22)00888-1.

Mbwayo A, Kumar M, Mathai M, Mutavi T, Nungari J, Gathara R, et al. Strengthening System and Implementation Research Capacity for Child Mental Health and Family Well-being in Sub-Saharan Africa. Global social welfare: research, policy & practice. 2022;9(1):37-53.

Monnapula-Mazabane, P., Petersen, I. (2022) Feasibility and acceptability of a mental health stigma intervention for low-income South African caregivers: A qualitative investigation. South African Journal of Psychiatry. Vol 28, a1824, DOI:

Joyce Protas Mlay, Lise Jamieson, Vuyokazi Ntlantsana, Thirusha Naidu, Busisiwe Siphumelele Bhengu, Saeeda Paruk, Jonathan K Burns, Bonginkosi Chiliza, Richard Lessells, Andrew Tomita. Developing and testing unconditional cash transfer strategies among young adults with first-episode psychosis in South Africa: a study protocol for a pilot randomised control trial (PRS-FEP trial). BMJ Open 2022;12:e067026. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2022-067026.

Ndumo ML, Bhengu BS, Mashaphu S, Paruk S, Tomita A. Intimate partner violence, adverse childhood experiences and prenatal substance use in South Africa. S Afr J Psychiat. 2022;28(0), a1937. 10.4102/sajpsychiatry.v28i0.1937

Grant, M., Petersen, I., Mthethwa, L. et al. Accuracy of a community mental health education and detection (CMED) tool for common mental disorders in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Int J Ment Health Syst 16, 44 (2022).

Maykondo BK, Horwood C, Haskins L, Mapumulo S, Mapatano MA, Kilola BM, Mokanisa MB, Hatloy A, John VM, Bitadi P (2022) A qualitative study to explore dietary knowledge, beliefs, and practices among pregnant women in a rural health zone in the Democratic Republic of Congo. J Health Popul Nutr, 41(1):51.

van Rensburg AJ, Petersen I, Awotiwon A, Bachmann MO, Curran R, Murdoch J, et al. Applying learning health systems thinking in co-developing integrated tuberculosis interventions in the contexts of COVID-19. BMJ Glob Health. 2022;7(10).

Petersen I, Selohilwe O, Georgeu-Pepper D, Ras CJ, Zani B, Petrus R, et al. A collaborative care package for depression comorbid with chronic physical conditions in South Africa. BMC health services research. 2022;22(1):1465.

Jacqueline Yerriah, Andrew Tomita, Saeeda Paruk. Surviving but not thriving: Burden of care and quality of life for caregivers of patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders and comorbid substance use in South Africa. DOI: 10.1111/eip.13141 Early Intervention in Psychiatry. 2021;1–9. © 2021 John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd.

Andrew Tomita, Germana H. Leyna, Hae-Young Kim, Yoshan Moodley, Emmanuel Mpolya, Polycarp Mogeni, Diego F Cuadros, Armstrong Dzomba, Alain Vandormael, Till Barnighausen, Frank Tanser. Patterns of multimorbidity and their association with hospitalisation: a population-based study of older adults in urban Tanzania. Age and Ageing 2021; 00: 1-12 doi: I 0.1093/ageing/afab046. © The Author(s) 202 1. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the British Geriatrics Society. All rights reserved. For permissions, please email:

Kim H, Tanser F, Tomita A, et al. Beyond HIV prevalence: identifying people living with HIV within underserved areas in South Africa. BMJ Global Health 2021;0:e004089. doi:10.1136/bmjgh-2020-004089

Usha Chhagan, Vuyokazi Ntlantsana, Andrew Tomita, Thirusha Naidu, Bonginkosi Chiliza, Saeeda Paruk. Investigating the impact of HIV on patients with first episode psychosis: a study protocol for a longitudinal cohort study. BMJ Open 2021;11:e046593. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2020-046593

Thembeka Matshoba, Sibongile Mashaphu, Andrew Tomita and Saeeda Paruk. HIV knowledge, attitudes and practices amongst patients with severe mental illnesses and chronic medical illnesses in Durban, South Africa. South African Journal of Psychiatry ISSN: (Online) 2078-6786, (Print) 1608-9685. © 2021. The Authors. Licensee: AOSIS

Tresor Munezero and Andrew Tomita. Hypertension and Its Associated Mental Health Challenges Among Female African Refugees in Durban, South Africa. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease Volume 00, Number 00, Month 2021. Copyright © 2021 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved. ISSN: 0022-3018/21/0000–0000. DOI: 10.1097/NMD.0000000000001387

Petersen, I., Kemp, C. G., Rao, D., Wagenaar, B. H., Sherr, K., Grant, M., Bachmann, M., Barnabas, R. V., Mntambo, N., Gigaba, S., Van Rensburg, A., Luvuno, Z., Amarreh, I., Fairall, L., Hongo, N. N., & Bhana, A. (2021). Implementation and Scale-Up of Integrated Depression Care in South Africa: An Observational Implementation Research Protocol. Psychiatric services (Washington, D.C.)72(9), 1065–1075.

Weiner, M. Grant, D. Rao, A. Bhana, S. G. Gigaba, Z. P. B. Luvuno, J. M. Simoni, J. P. Hughes and I. Petersen (2021). “Pushing the bench: A mixed methods study of barriers to and facilitators of identification and referral into depression care by professional nurses in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.” SSM – Mental Health 1: 100009.

Curran, R., Bachmann, M., van Rensburg, A., Murdoch, J., Awotiwon, A., Ras, C., Petersen, I., & Fairall, L. (2021). Personal and occupational experiences of COVID-19 and their effects on South African health workers’ wellbeing. South African Medical Journal, 111(7), 607-608. doi:10.7196/SAMJ.2021.v111i7.15733

Petersen I. Integrating task-sharing psychological treatments within primary health care services: Systems considerations. J Health Serv Res Policy. 2021 Jul;26(3):149-150. doi: 10.1177/13558196211013847. PMID: 34092080

Horwood C, Hinton R, Haskins L, Luthuli S, Mapumulo S, Rollins N. (2021) ‘I can no longer do my work how I used to’: a mixed methods longitudinal cohort study exploring how informal working mothers balance the requirements of livelihood and safe child care in South Africa.  BMC Women’s Health 21:288,

Hatloy A, Luthuli S, John V, Haskins L, Mapumulo S, Mutombo P, Tulleskar T, Engebretsen I, Horwood C, Ali MM. (2021) ‘I am not only beneficial to the community but to the entire country, I am trained as a researcher now’: Developing health research skills in low-income countries. Global Public Health, 2021 Sep 6;1-18

Boffa J, Moyo S, Chikovore J, Salomon A, Daniels B, Kwan A, Pai M, Daftary A. Quality of care for  tuberculosis and HIV in South Africa’s private health sector: A cross-sectional, standardised patient study. BMJ Glob Health. 2021; 6(5):e005250.

Babatunde, G.B. and van Rensburg, A.J. and Bhana, A., Petersen, I. Barriers and Facilitators to Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services in Low-and-Middle-Income Countries: a Scoping Review. (2021) Global Social Welfare, 8 (1),29-46.

Monnapula-Mazabane P, Petersen I. Mental health stigma experiences among caregivers and service users in South Africa: a qualitative investigation. Curr Psychol. 2021:1-13.

Monnapula-Mazabane, P., Babatunde, G.B., Petersen, I.(2021). Current strategies in the reduction of stigma among caregivers of patients with mental illness: a scoping review. South African Journal of Psychology. DOI: 10.1177/00812463211001530.

Janse van Rensburg A, Kathree T, Breuer E, Selohilwe O, Mntambo N, Petrus R, et al. Fuzzy-set qualitative comparative analysis of implementation outcomes in an integrated mental healthcare trial in South Africa. Global health action. 2021;14(1):1940761.

Mbwayo, A., Kumar, M., Mathai, M. et al. Strengthening System and Implementation Research Capacity for Child Mental Health and Family Well-being in Sub-Saharan Africa. Glob Soc Welf (2021).

Abas MA, Weobong B, Burgess RA, Kienzler H, Jack HE, Kidia K, et al. COVID-19 and global mental health. Lancet Psychiatry. 2021;8(6):458-9.

Murdoch, J., Curran, R., van Rensburg, A.J., Awotiwon, A., Dube, A., Bachmann, M., Petersen, I. & Fairall. L. Identifying contextual determinants of problems in tuberculosis care provision in South Africa: a theory-generating case study. Infectious Diseases of Poverty. 2021, Vol 10, ( 67)

Naslund JA, Kalha J, Restivo JL, et al. Identifying challenges and recommendations for advancing global mental health implementation research: A key informant study of the National Institute of Mental Health Scale-Up Hubs. Asian journal of psychiatry. 2021;57:102557.

Janse van Rensburg, A; The Political Economy of Mental Illness in South Africa. London: Routledge; 2021;

Kola L, Kohrt BA, Hanlon C, Naslund JA, Sikander S, Balaji M, et al. COVID-19 mental health impact and responses in low-income and middle-income countries: reimagining global mental health. Lancet Psychiatry. 2021;8(6):535-50.

Grant, M., Luvuno, Z., Bhana, A., Mntambo, N., Gigaba, S., Ntswe, E. & Petersen, I. 2021. The development of a Community Mental Health Education and Detection (CMED) tool in South Africa. SSM – Mental Health, 100023.

hana A, Kreniske P, Pather A, Abas M.A, Mellins, C.A. (2021) Interventions to address the mental health of adolescents and young adults living with or affected by HIV: state of the evidence. Journal of the International AIDS Society, 24 (S2):e25713

Ali MM, Haskins L, John V, Hatløy A, Luthuli S, Mapumulo S, Engebretsen IMS, Tylleskär T, Mutombo P and Horwood C.(2021) Establishing apostgraduate programme in nutritional epidemiology to strengthen resource capacity, academic leadership and research in the DemocraticRepublic of Congo. BMC Medical Education 21: 136

Horwood C, Haskins L, Hinton R, Connolly C, Luthuli S, and Rollins N. 2021.  Addressing the interaction between food insecurity, depression risk and informal work: findings of a cross-sectional survey among informal women workers with young children in South Africa. BMC Women’s Health 21:2.

Horwood C, Mapumulo S, Haskins L, John V, Luthuli S, Tylleskär T, Mutombo P, Engebretsen IMS, Ali MM, Hatløy A. (2021) A North-South-South partnership in higher education to develop health research capacity in the Democratic Republic of Congo: the challenge of finding a common language.  Health Research Policy and Systems  (2021) 19:79,

Inge Petersen, Lara Fairall, Babalwa Zani, Arvin Bhana, Carl Lombard, Naomi Folb, One Selohilwe, Danielle Georgeu-Pepper, Ruwayda Petrus, Ntokozo Mntambo, Tasneem Kathree, Max Bachmann, Naomi Levitt, Graham Thornicroft, Crick Lund. Effectiveness of a task-sharing collaborative care model for identification and management of depressive symptoms in patients with hypertension attending public sector primary care clinics in South Africa: pragmatic parallel cluster randomised controlled trial. Journal of Affective Disorders 282, 112-121.

Kemp, C. G., N. Mntambo, B. J. Weiner, M. Grant, D. Rao, A. Bhana, S. G. Gigaba, Z. P. B. Luvuno, J. M. Simoni, J. P. Hughes and I. Petersen (2021). “Pushing the bench: A mixed methods study of barriers to and facilitators of identification and referral into depression care by professional nurses in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.” SSM – Mental Health 1: 100009.

S Hain; A Tomita; P Milligan; B Chiliza. Retain rural doctors: Burnout, depression and anxiety in medical doctors working in rural KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa. Afr Med J 2021;111(12):1197- 1204.

Kalpesh Narsi, Andrew Tomita, Suvira Ramlall, Neuropsychological functioning and cognitive reserve in newly HIV diagnosed antiretroviral-naïve South African adults from peri-urbanand informal settlements. PLoS ONE 16(12): e0260260.

Kaldenbach, S., Engebretsen, I. M. S., Haskins, L., Conolly, C., & Horwood, C. (2021). Infant feeding, growth monitoring and the double burden of malnutrition among children aged 6 months and their mothers in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Maternal & Child Nutrition, e13288.

Mapumulo S, Haskins L, Luthuli S, Horwood C (2021) Health workers’ disrespectful and abusive behaviour towards women during labour and delivery: A qualitative study in Durban, South Africa. PLoS ONE 16(12): e0261204.

Hae-Young Kim, Guy Harling, Alain Vandormael, Andrew Tomita, Diego F Cuadros, Tim Bärnighausen, Frank Tanser. HIV sereoconcordance among hetrosexual couples in rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: a population-based analysis. Kim H-Y et al. Journal of the International AIDS Society 2020, 23:e25432.

Suvira Ramlall, Richard J. Lessells, Thirusha Naidu, Sbusisiwe Sandra Mthembu, Nesri Padayatchi, Jonathan K. Burns and Andrew Tomita (2020). Neurocognitive functioning in MDR-TB patients with and without HIV in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Tropical Medicine and International Health. doi:10.1111/tmi.13444. © 2020 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Roopun KR, Tomita A, Paruk S. Attitude and preferences towards oral and long-acting injectable antipsychotics in patients with psychosis in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. S Afr J Psychiat. 2020;26(0), a1509. 10.4102/sajpsychiatry. v26i0.1509

Thirusha Naidu, Suntosh R Pillay, Suvira Ramlall, Sbusisiwe Sandra Mthembu, Nesri Padayatchi, Jonathan K Burns and Andrew Tomita. Major Depression and Stigma among Individuals with Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis in South Africa. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg., 103(3), 2020 pp 1067-1071. Doi:10.4269/ajtmh. 19-0426. ©2020 The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.

Aderlee S. Reddy, Andrew Tomita & Saeeda Paruk (2020): Depression, anxiety and treatment satisfaction in the parents of children on antiretroviral therapy in South Africa, Psychology, Health & Medicine. To link to this article:

Goga A., Doherty T., Manda SOM., Nkwenika T., Haskins L., John V., Engebretsen IMS., Feucht U., Dhansay A., Rollins N., Kroon SM., Saunders D., Kauchali S., Tulleskar T., Horwood C. Translating new evidence into clinical practice: A quasi-experimental controlled before-after study evaluating the effect of a novel outreach mentoring approach on knowledge, attitudes and confidence of health workers providing HIV and infant feeding counselling in South Africa. October 2020. BMJ Open. DOI:    10.1136/bmjopen-2019-034770

Horwood C., Surie A., Haskins L., Luthuli S., Hinton R., Chowdhury A., Rollins N. 2020.  ‘She must cover up whilst the baby is feeding’: Experiences and attitudes about breastfeeding among female and male informal workers in India and South Africa.

Haskins L., Chiliza J., Barker P., Connolly C., Phakathi S., Feeley A., Horwood C.  2020.  Evaluation of the effectiveness of a quality improvement intervention to support integration of maternal, child and HIV care in primary health care facilities in South Africa. BMC Public Health (2020) 20:318.

George G, Mudzingwa T, Horwood C: The cost of the training and supervision of community health workers to improve exclusive breastfeeding amongst mothers in a cluster randomised controlled trial in South Africa. BMC health services research 2020, 20(1):76.

Bhan G, Surie A, Horwood C, Dobson R, Alfers L, Portela A, Rollins N: Informal work and maternal and child health: a blind spot in public health and research. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 2020, 98(3):219-221

Sommerland N, Masquillier C, Rau A, Engelbrecht M, Kigozi G, Pliakas T, Van Rensburg A.J. and Wouters E., 2020. Reducing HIV-and TB-Stigma among healthcare co-workersin South Africa: Results of a cluster randomised trial. Social Science & Medicine, p.113450.

Loewenson R, Accoe K, Bajpai N, Buse K, Abi Deivanayagam T, London L, Méndez CA, Mirzoev T, Nelson E, Parray AA, Probandari A, Janse van Rensburg A. Reclaiming comprehensive public health. BMJ Global Health 2020;5:e003886.

Babatunde GB, van Rensburg AJ, Bhana A, Petersen I. Stakeholders’ perceptions of child and adolescent mental health services in a South African district: a qualitative study. Int J Ment Health Syst. 2020;14:73.

Janse Van Rensburg A, Dube A, Curran R. et al. 2020. Comorbidities between tuberculosis and common mental disorders: a scoping review of epidemiological patterns and person-centred care interventions from low-to-middle income and BRICS countries. Infectious Diseases of Poverty 9, 4.

Bukola G, Bhana A, Petersen I. Planning for child and adolescent mental health interventions in a rural district of South Africa: a situational analysis. J Child Adolesc Ment Health. 2020;32(1):45-65.

Burgess RA, Jain S, Petersen I, Lund C. Social interventions: a new era for global mental health? Lancet Psychiatry. 2020;7(2):118-119.

Chisholm D, Garman E, Breuer E, et al. Health service costs and their association with functional impairment among adults receiving integrated mental health care in five low- and middle-income countries: the PRIME cohort study. Health Policy Plan. 2020;35(5):567-576.

Kemp CG, Mntambo N, Bachmann M, et al. Patient-level predictors of detection of depressive symptoms, referral, and uptake of depression counseling among chronic care patients in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Glob Ment Health (Camb). 2020;7:e18.

Kumar M, Huang KY, Othieno C, et al. Implementing combined WHO mhGAP and adapted group interpersonal psychotherapy to address depression and mental health needs of pregnant adolescents in Kenyan primary health care settings (INSPIRE): a study protocol for pilot feasibility trial of the integrated intervention in LMIC settings. Pilot Feasibility Stud. 2020;6:136.

Levis B, Benedetti A, Ioannidis JPA, et al. Patient Health Questionnaire-9 scores do not accurately estimate depression prevalence: individual participant data meta-analysis. J Clin Epidemiol. 2020;122:115-128 e111.

Levis B, Sun Y, He C, et al. Accuracy of the PHQ-2 Alone and in Combination With the PHQ-9 for Screening to Detect Major Depression: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. JAMA. 2020;323(22):2290-2300.

Lund C, Schneider M, Garman EC, et al. Task-sharing of psychological treatment for antenatal depression in Khayelitsha, South Africa: Effects on antenatal and postnatal outcomes in an individual randomised controlled trial. Behav Res Ther. 2020;130:103466.

Madlabana CZ, Mashamba-Thompson TP, Petersen I. Performance management methods and practices among nurses in primary health care settings: a systematic scoping review protocol. Syst Rev. 2020;9(1):40.

Madlabana CZ, Petersen I. Performance management in primary healthcare: Nurses’ experiences. Curationis. 2020;43(1):e1-e11.

Marais DL, Quayle M, Petersen I. Making consultation meaningful: Insights from a case study of the South African mental health policy consultation process. PLoS One. 2020;15(1):e0228281.

Petersen I, van Rensburg A, Gigaba SG, Luvuno ZBP, Fairall LR. Health systems strengthening to optimise scale-up in global mental health in low- and middle-income countries: lessons from the frontlines. A re-appraisal. Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci. 2020;29:e135.

Rahman A, Naslund JA, Betancourt TS, et al. The NIMH global mental health research community and COVID-19. Lancet Psychiatry. 2020;7(10):834-836.

Upadhaya N, Jordans MJD, Adhikari RP, et al. Evaluating the integration of chronic care elements in primary health care for people with mental illness: a longitudinal study in Nepal conducted among primary health care workers. BMC Health Serv Res. 2020;20(1):632.

Upadhaya N, Regmi U, Gurung D, et al. Mental health and psychosocial support services in primary health care in Nepal: perceived facilitating factors, barriers and strategies for improvement. BMC Psychiatry. 2020;20(1):64.

Willan S, Gibbs A, Petersen I, Jewkes R. Exploring young women’s reproductive decision-making, agency and social norms in South African informal settlements. PLoS One. 2020;15(4):e0231181.

Willan S, Gibbs A, Shai N, Ntini N, Petersen I, Jewkes R. Did young women in South African informal settlements display increased agency after participating in the Stepping Stones and Creating Futures intervention? A qualitative evaluation. Soc Sci Med. 2020;265:113302.

Zani B, Fairall L, Petersen I, et al. Predictors of receiving a diagnosis, referral and treatment of depression in people on antiretroviral therapy in South African primary care: a secondary analysis of data from a randomised trial. Trop Med Int Health. 2020.

Goga, A., Slogrove, A., Wedderburn, C., Feucht, U., Wessels, J., Ramokolo, V., Bhana, A., du Plessis, N., Green, R., Pillay, Y., & Sherman, G. (2019). The impact of health programmes to prevent vertical transmission of HIV. Advances, emerging health challenges and research priorities for children exposed to or living with HIV: Perspectives from South Africa. South African Medical Journal, 109(11b), 77-82. doi:10.7196/SAMJ.2019.v109i11b.14292

Andrew Tomita, Suvira Ramlall, Thirusha Naidu, Sbusisiwe Sandra Mthembu, Nesri Padayatchi, Jonathan K. Burns. 2019. Major depression and household food insecurity among individuals with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in South Africa.  Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology

Armstrong Dzomba, Andrew Tomita, Alain Vandormael, Kaymarlin Govender and Frank Tanser. 2019. Effect of ART scale-up and female migration intensity on risk of HIV acquisition: results from a population-based cohort in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.  BMC Public Health (2019) 19:196

Andrew Tomita, Suvira Ramlall, Thirusha Naidu, Sbusisiwe Sandra Mthembu, Nesri Padayatchi, and Jonathan K. Burns. 2019. Neurocognitive Impairment Risk Among Individuals With Multiple Drug–Resistant Tuberculosis and Human Immunodeficiency Virus Coinfection – Implications for Systematic Linkage to and Retention of Care in Tuberculosis/Human Immunodeficiency Virus Treatment. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease • Volume 207, Number 4, April 2019

Inge Petersen*, Arvin Bhana, Lara R. Fairall, One Selohilwe, Tasneem Kathree, Emily C. Baron, Sujit D. Rathod and Crick Lund. Evaluation of a collaborative care model for integrated primary care of common mental disorders comorbid with chronic conditions in South Africa. BMC Psychiatry (2019) 19:107

Bhana A., Mntambo, N., Gigaba, S.G., Luvuno, B.P.,Grant, M., Ackerman, D.E Ntswe, E., Nomathemba, M., Petersen, I. (2019). Validation of a brief mental health screening tool for common mental disorders in primary healthcare. SAMJ, 109(4):278-283. DOI:10.7196/SAMJ.2019.v109i4.13664

Thornicroft G, Ahuja S, Barber S, Chisholm D, Collins PY, Docrat S, Fairall L, Lempp H, Niaz U, Ngo V, Patel V, Petersen I, Prince M, Semrau M, Unützer J, Yueqin H, Zhang S. Integrated care for people with long-term mental and physical health conditions in low-income and middle-income countries. Lancet Psychiatry. 2019 Feb;6(2):174-186. doi: 10.1016/S2215-0366(18)30298-0. Epub 2018 Nov 15. Review. PubMed PMID: 30449711.

Zamasomi Luvuno,Busisiwe Ncama and Gugu Mchunu.Transgender population’s experiences with regard to accessing reproductive health care in Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa: A qualitative study. Journal: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine. ISSN: 2071-2928, E-ISSN: 2071-2936 (In Press)

Horwood C., Haskins L., Phakathi S., and McKerrow N. 2019. A health systems strengthening intervention to improve quality of care for sick and small newborn infants: results from an evaluation in district hospitals in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. BMC Pediatrics (2019) 19:29.

Dumakazi Mapatwana, Andrew Tomita, Jonathan K Burns and Lesley J Robertson. Predictors of quality of life among community psychiatric patients in a peri-urban district of Gauteng Province, South Africa. International Journal of Social Psychiatry 1–11 © The Author(s) 2019 Article reuse guidelines: DOI: 10.1177/0020764019842291

Andrew Tomita, Catherine M. Smith, Richard J. Lessells, Alexander Pym, Alison D. Grant, Tulio de Oliveira and Frank Tanser.  Space-time clustering of recently diagnosed tuberculosis and impact of ART scale-up: Evidence from an HIV hyper-endemic rural South African population. 2019 Scientific Reports. (2019) 9:10724|

Busisiwe Siphumelele Bhengu, Andrew Tomita, Sibongile Mashaphu, Saeeda Paruk. The role of  adverse childhood experiences on perinatal substance use behaviour in KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa. AIDS and Behavior. © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019.

One Selohilwe, Arvin Bhana, Emily C. Garman and Inge Petersen. Evaluating the role of levels of exposure to a task shared depression counselling intervention led by behavioural health counsellors:  Outcome and process evaluation. Int J Ment Health Syst (2019) 13:42

Isolde Birdthistle, Clare Tanton, Andrew Tomita, Kristen de Graaf, Susan B Schaffnit, Frank Tanser, Emma Slaymaker. Recent levels and trends in HIV incidence rate among adolescent girls and young women in ten high-prevalence African countries: systematic review and meta analysis. Lancet Glob Health 2019;7:e1521-40 vol 7 November 2019

Horwood C, Haskins L, Phakathi S, McKerrow N: A health systems strengthening intervention to improve quality of care for sick and small newborn infants: results from an evaluation in district hospitals in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. BMC Pediatr 2019, 19(1):29.

Doherty T, Horwood C, Haskins L, Magasana V, Goga A, Feucht U, Sanders D, Tylleskar T, Kauchali S, Dhansay MA et al: Breastfeeding advice for reality: Women’s perspectives on primary care support In South Africa. Matern Child Nutr 2019:e12877.

Haskins L., Phakathi S., Grant M., and Horwood C.  2019. Integrating services for impact and sustainability: a proof of concept project in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. South African Family Practice

Sijabuliswe J. Tshabalala, Andrew Tomita and Suvira Ramlall. 2019. Depression, anxiety and stress symptoms in patients with dyspepsia at a regional hospital in KwaZulu-Natal province. South African Journal of Psychiatry. ISSN:(Online)2078-6786,(Print)1608-9685.

Burgess, R.A., Jain, S.; Petersen, I., Lund, C. (2019). Social interventions: a new era for global mental health? Lancet Psychiatry. October 22, 2019

Petersen I, Rathod S, Kathree T, Selohilwe O, Bhana A. Risk correlates for physical-mental multimorbidities in South Africa: a cross-sectional study. Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci. 2019 Aug;28(4):418-426. doi: 10.1017/S2045796017000737. Epub 2017 Dec 4. PubMed PMID: 29198237.

Kemp CG, Petersen I, Bhana A, Rao D. Supervision of Task-Shared Mental Health Care in Low-Resource Settings: A Commentary on Programmatic Experience. Global health, science and practice.  2019;7(2):150-9.

Ayuso-Mateos, J. L., Miret, M., Lopez-Garcia, P., Alem, A., Chisholm, D., Gureje, O., Hanlon, C., Jordans, M., Kigozi, F., Lund, C., Petersen, I., Semrau, M., Shidhaye, R., Thornicroft, G. Effective methods for knowledge transfer to strengthen mental health systems in low- and middle-income countries (2019). BJPsych Open, DOI: 0.1192/bjo.2019.50

Evans-Lacko, S., Hanlon, C., Alem, A., Ayuso-Mateos, J. L., Chisholm, D., Gureje, O., Jordans, M., Kigozi, F., Lempp, H., Lund, C., Petersen, I., Shidhaye, R., Thornicroft, G., Semrau, M. Evaluation of capacity-building strategies for mental health system strengthening in low- and middle-income countries for service users and carers, policymakers and planners, and researchers (2019). BJPsych Open. DOI: 10.1192/bjo.2019.14

Petersen, I., van Rensburg, A. J., Kigozi, F., Semrau, M., Hanlon, C., Fekadu, A., Gureje, O., Gurung, D., Jordans, M., Mntambo, N., Mugisha, J., Muke, S., Petrus, R., Shidhaye, R., Ssebunnya, J., Tekola, B., Upadhaya, N., Patel, V., Lund, C., Thornicroft, G. Scaling up integrated primary mental health in six low-and-middle income countries: obstacles, synergies and implications for systems reform (2019). BJPSych Open. DOI: 10.1192/bjo.2019.7

Ahuja, S., Hanlon, C., Chisholm, D., Semrau, M., Gurung, D., Abdulmalik, J., Mugisha, J., Mntambo, N., Kigozi, F., Petersen, I., Shidhaye, R., Upadhaya, N., Lund, C., Evans-Lacko, S., Thornicroft, G., Gureje, O., Jordans, M. Experience of using mental health indicators in six low and middle-income countries where mental health is integrated in primary care: a qualitative study (2019). BJPsych Open. DOI: 10.1192/bjo.2019.2

Jordans, M., Chisholm, D., Semrau, M., Gurung, D., Abdulmalik, J., Ahuja, S., Mugisha, J., Mntambo, N., Kigozi, F., Petersen, I., Shidhaye, R., Upadhaya, N., Lund, C., Thornicroft, G., Gureje, O. (2019). Evaluation of performance and perceived utility of mental health care indicators in routine health information systems in five low- and middle-income countries. BJPsych Open. DOI:     10.1192/bjo.2019.22

Semrau, M., Alem, A., Ayuso-Mateos, J.L., Chisholm, D., Gureje, O., Hanlon, C., Jordans, M., Kigozi, F., Lund, C., Petersen, I., Shidhaye, R., & Thornicroft, G. (2019). Strengthening mental health systems in low- and middle-income countries: recommendations from the Emerald programme. BJPsych Open. DOI: 10.1192/bjo.2018.90

Horwood C., Haskins L., Luthuli S., McKerrow N. Communication between mothers and health Workers is important for quality of newborn care: a qualitative study in neonatal units in district hospitals in South Africa. BMC Pediatrics (2019) 19:496.

Horwood C, Haskins L, Engebretsen IM, Connolly C, Coutsoudis A, Spies L.  Are we doing enough? Improved breastfeeding practices at 14weeks but challenges of non-initiation and early cessation of breastfeeding remain: findings of two consecutive cross-sectional surveys in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. BMC Public Health

Horwood C., Haskins L., Goga A., Doherty T., John V., Engebretsen IMA., Feucht U., Rollins N., Kroon M., Sanders D., Tylleskar T.  2019. An educational intervention to update health workers about HIV and infant feeding. Maternal & child nutrition 2019:e12922.

Horwood C., Haskins L., Alfers L., Masango-Muzindutsi Z., Dobson R and Rollins N. 2019. A descriptive study to explore working conditions and childcare practices among informal women workers in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: identifying opportunities to support childcare for mothers in informal work. BMC Pediatrics (2019) 19:382

Haskins L., Phakathi S., Grant M., and Horwood C.  2019. Integrating services for impact and sustainability: a proof of concept project in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. South African Family Practice

Doherty T., Horwood C., Haskins L., Magasana V., Goga A., Feucht U., Sanders D., Tylleskar T., Kauchali S., Dhansay MA., Rollins N., Kroon M, Engebretsen IMA. 2019. Breastfeeding advice for reality: women’s perspectives on infant feeding support received in primary health care settings in South Africa. Maternal and Child Nutrition.

Engelbrecht, M., Rau, A., Kigozi, G., van Rensburg, A.J., Wouters, E., Sommerland, N., Masquillier, C. and Uebel, K., 2019. Waiting to inhale: factors associated with healthcare workers’ fears of occupationally-acquired tuberculosis (TB). BMC infectious diseases19(1), pp.1-7.

Horwood C., Haskins L., Engebretsen, IMS., Phakathi S., Connolly C., Coutsoudis A., and Spies L. 2018 Improved rates of exclusive breastfeeding at 14 weeks of age in KwaZulu Natal, South Africa: what are the challenges now? BMC Public Health.

Haskins L., Nyasulu D., Davidge R., McKerrow N. and Horwood C. First experiences of accrediting district hospitals for excellence in newborn care in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: successes and challenges. Journal of Hospital Administration, 2018; 7(3):25-34.

Jama, N., Wilford, A., Haskins, L., Coutsoudis, A., Spies, L., and Horwood, C. 2018. Autonomy and infant feeding decision-making among teenage mothers in a rural and urban setting in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2018 Feb 17;18(1):52 doi: 10.1186/s12884-018-1675-7.

Masango-Muzindutsi Z., Haskins, L., Wilford, A., and Horwood, C. 2018. Using an Action Learning methodology to develop skills of health managers: experiences from KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. BMC Health Services Research BMC Health Services Research (2018) 18:907.

Horwood C., Jama N., Haskins L., Coutsoudis A., and Spies L. 2018.  A qualitative study exploring infant feeding decision‐making between birth and 6 months among HIV‐positive mothers.  Maternal and Child Nutrition. 2018; e12726.

Brooke-Sumner, C., Selohilwe, O., Mazibuko, M. S., & Petersen, I. (2018). Process Evaluation of a Pilot Intervention for Psychosocial Rehabilitation for Service Users with Schizophrenia in North West Province, South Africa. Community Ment Health J. doi:10.1007/s10597-018-0318-9

Fairall, L., Petersen I, Zani B, Folb, Georgeu-Pepper D, Selohilwe O, Petrus R, Mntambo N, Bhana A, Lombard C, Bachmann M, Lund C, Hanass-Hancock J, Chisholm D, McCrone P, Carmona S, Gaziano T, Levitt N, Kathree, T, Thornicroft G. (2018). Collaborative care for the detection and management of depression among adults receiving antiretroviral therapy in South Africa: study protocol for the CobALT randomised controlled trial. Trials.

Petersen, I., Bhana, A., Folb, N., Thornicroft, G., Zani, B., Selohilwe, O., Petrus, R., Mntambo1, N., Georgeu-Pepper, D., Kathree, T. Lund, C., Lombard, C., Bachmann, M., Gaziano, T., Levitt, N., Fairall, L. (2018). Collaborative care for the detection and management of depression among adults with hypertension in South Africa (PRIME-SA): study protocol for the PRIME-SA randomised controlled trial. Trials.

Baron, E. C., Rathod, S. D., Hanlon, C., Prince, M., Fedaku, A., Kigozi, F., Jordans, M., Luitel, M.P., Medhin, G., Murhar, V., Nakku, J., Patel, V., Petersen, I.. . . De Silva, M. (2018). Impact of district mental health care plans on symptom severity and functioning of patients with priority mental health conditions: the Programme for Improving Mental Health Care (PRIME) cohort protocol. BMC Psychiatry, 18(1), 61. doi: 10.1186/s12888-018-1642-x

Tomita, A., Ramlall, S. A Nationwide Panel Study on Religious Involvement and depression in South Africa: Evidence from the South African National Income Dynamics Study

Mhlongo MD, Tomita A, Thela L, Maharaj V, Burns JK. Sexual trauma and post-traumatic stress among African female refugees and migrants in South Africa. S Afr J of Psychiat. 2018;24(0),a1208.

Janse van Rensburg A, Khan R, Wouters E, Fourie P, Van Rensburg H and Bracke P. At the coalface of collaborative mental health care: A qualitative study of governance and power in district-level service provision in South Africa. International Journal of Health Planning and Management. doi: 10.1002/hpm.2593. [Epub ahead of print].

Rau A, Wouters E, Engelbrecht M, Masquillier C, Uebel K, Kigozi G, Sommerland N & Janse van Rensburg A 2018. Towards a health-enabling working environment – developing and testing interventions to decrease HIV and TB stigma among healthcare workers in the Free State, South Africa: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Trials, 19: 351.

Janse van Rensburg A, Fourie P, Bracke P, Wouters E & Van Rensburg D 2018. Collaborative mental health care in the bureaucratic field of post-apartheid South Africa. Health Sociology Review. [Epub ahead of print].

Zinatsa F, Engelbrecht MC, Janse van Rensburg A & Kigozi NG 2018. A theory-driven assessment of tuberculosis prevention capacities in a South African district. BMC Health Services Research, 18:269.

Janse van Rensburg A, Petersen I, Engelbrecht M, Kigozi G, Fourie P, Van Rensburg HCJ & Bracke P 2018. The nature and extent of state and non-state mental health service collaboration in a South African district: A mixed methods study. Health Policy and Planning, 33(4):516-527.

Masquillier C, Wouters E, Sommerland N, Masquillier C, Rau A, Engelbrecht M, Janse Van Rensburg A & Kigozi G. Fighting stigma, promoting care: A study on the use of occupationally-based HIV services in the Free State Province of South Africa. AIDS Care.

Janse van Rensburg A, Engelbrecht M, Kigozi G & Van Rensburg D. Capacities of primary health care nurses to prevent TB in a South African health district. International Journal of Nursing Practice.

Janse van Rensburg A, Khan R, Fourie P, Bracke P. Political dimensions of the governance of mental illness in post-apartheid South Africa. Politikon.

Andrew Tomita, Jennifer I Manuel. Evidence on the Association Between Cigarette Smoking and Incident Depression From the South African National Income Dynamics Study 2008-2015: Mental Health Implications for a Resource-Limited Setting. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 2018, 1-6. Doi:10.1093/ntr/nty163

S Mashaphu, GE Wyatt, E Gomo, A Tomita. Intimate partner violence among HIV-serodiscordant couples in Durban, South Africa. SAMJ, November 2018, Vol. 108, No11

Andrew Gibbs, Kristin Dunkle, Samantha Willan, Nwabisa Jama-Shai, Laura Washington & Rachel Jewkes (2018) Are women’s experiences of emotional and economic intimate partner violence associated with HIV-risk behaviour? A cross-sectional analysis of young women in informal settlements in South Africa, AIDS Care, DOI: 10.1080/09540121.2018.1533230

W. Veling, J. K. Burns, E. M. Makhathini, S. Mtshemla, S. Nene, S. Shabalala, N. Mbatha, A. Tomita, J. Baumgartner, I. Susser, H. W. Hoek, E. Susser (2018) Identification of patients with recent-onset psychosis in KwaZulu Natal, South Africa: a pilot study with traditional health practitioners and diagnostic instruments. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology

Thorncroft, G., Ahuja, S., Barber, S., Chisholm, D., Collins, P., Docrat, S., Fairall, L., Lempp, H., Niaz, U., Ngo, V., Patel, V., Petersen, I., Prince, M., Semrau, M., Unützer, J., Yueqin, H., Zhang, S. Integrated care for people with long-term mental and physical conditions in low- and middle-income countries: narrative review. 2018 Lancet Psychiatry. Doi:10.1016/S2215-0366(18)30298-0

Rathod SD, Roberts T, Medhin G, Murhar V, Samudre S, Luitel NP, Selohilwe O, Ssebunnya J, Jordans MJD, Bhana A et al: Detection and treatment initiation for depression and alcohol use disorders: facility-based cross-sectional studies in five low-income and middle-income country districts. BMJ open 2018, 8(10):e023421.

Breuer, E., Hanlon, C., Bhana, A.,.. Chisholm, D., De Silva, M., Fekadu,A., Honikman, S., Jordans, M., Kathree, T.,  Kigozi, Luitel, N., Marx, M., Medhin, G., Murhar, V., Ndyanabangi, S., Patel, V., Petersen, I., …Lund, C. (2018) Partnerships in a Global Mental Health Research Programme—the Example of PRIME. Global Social Welfare,

 Luvuno, Z., Mchunu, G., Ncama, B., Ngidi, H., Mashamba-Thompson, T. Evidence of interventions for improving healthcare access for lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people in South Africa: A scoping review. Ref. No.: 1367. Journal: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine. ISSN: 2071-2928, E-ISSN: 2071-2936 (In press).

Armstrong Dzomba, Andrew Tomita, Kaymarlin Govender, Frank Tanser. 2018. Effects of Migration on Risky Sexual Behavior and HIV Acquisition in South Africa: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis, 2000-2017. AIDS and Behavior

Horwood C, Butler L, Barker P, Phakathi S, Haskins L, Grant M, et al. A continuous quality improvement intervention to improve the effectiveness of community health workers providing care to mothers and children: a cluster randomised controlled trial in South Africa. Hum Resour Health. 2017;15(1):39.

Haskins, L., Grant, M., Phakathi, S., & Horwood, C. (2017) Factors influencing recruitment and retention of professional nurses, doctors and allied health professionals in rural hospitals in KwaZulu Natal. Health SA Gesondheid 22 (2017): 174-183

Grant M,  Wilford A,  Haskins L, Phakathi S,  Mntambo N,  & Horwood C. (2017) Trust of community health workers is a key barrier to acceptance of community-based maternal and child health services in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: a qualitative study. African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine. 2017;9(1):e1-e8.

Haskins L, Grant M, Phakathi S, Wilford A, Jama N, Horwood C. Insights into health care seeking behaviour for children in communities in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Afr J Prim Health Care Fam Med. 2017;9(1):e1-e9.

Wilford, A., Phakathi, S., Haskins, JL., Jama, N., Mntambo, N. and Horwood, C.  2017.  Exploring the care provided to mothers and children by community health workers in South Africa: missed opportunities to provide comprehensive care.  BMC Public Health.  Accepted for publication 3 November 2017.

Jama, N., Wilford, A., Masango, Z., Haskins, L., Coutsoudis, A., Spies, L., and Horwood, C. 2017.  Enablers and barriers to success among mothers planning to exclusively breastfeed for 6 months: a qualitative prospective cohort study in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. International Breastfeeding Journal. 12:43

A Bhana Sujit D Rathod, One Selohilwe , Tasneem Kathree , Inge Petersen. Characteristics and correlates of alcohol consumption among adult chronic care patients in North West province, South Africa         SAMJ: 1.32        S Afr Med J2017;107(7):636-642.DOI:10.7196/SAMJ.2017.v107i7.12131

Mugisha, J., Abdulmalik, J., Hanlon, C., Petersen, I., Lund, C., Upadhaya, N.,Shidhaye, R., Mntambo, N., Alem, A., Gureje, O., & Kigozi, F. (2017). Health systems context (s) for integrating mental health into primary health care in six Emerald countries: a situation analysis. International journal of mental health systems, 11(1), 7.

Petersen, I., Marais, D., Abdulmalik, J., Ahuja, S., Alem, A., Chisholm, D., Egbe, C., Gureje, O., Hanlon, C., Lund, C., Shidhaye, R., Jordans, M., Kigozi, F., Mugisha, J., Upadhaya, N., & Thornicraft, G. (2017). Strengthening mental health system governance in six low-and middle-income countries in Africa and South Asia: challenges, needs and potential strategies. Health Policy and Planning, 32(5), 699-709.

Upadhaya, N., Jordans, M. J., Pokhrel, R., Gurung, D., Adhikari, R. P., Petersen, I., & Komproe, I. H. (2017). Current situations and future directions for mental health system governance in Nepal: findings from a qualitative study. International journal of mental health systems, 11(1), 37.

Hanlon, C., Eshetu, T., Alemayehu, D., Fekadu, A., Semrau, M., Thornicroft, G., Kigozi, F., Marais, D., Petersen, I., & Alem, A. (2017). Health system governance to support scale up of mental health care in Ethiopia: a qualitative study. International journal of mental health systems, 11(1), 38.

Egbe, C.O., Egbochuku, E., Meyer-Weitz, A., Petersen, I. A Qualitative Exploration of the Theory of Triadic Influence in a Nigerian Setting: The Case of Cigarette Smoking. Psychological Studies, Sept 2017;62(3):DOI10.1007/s12646-017-0419-5

Hanlon C, Semrau M, Alem A, Abayneh S, Abdulmalik J, Docrat S, Evans-Lacko S, Gureje O, Jordans M, Lempp H, Mugisha, J., Petersen, I. et al: Evaluating capacity-building for mental health system strengthening in low- and middle-income countries for service users and caregivers, service planners and researchers. Epidemiology and psychiatric sciences 2017:1-8.

Semrau M, Alem A, Abdulmalik J, Docrat S, Evans-Lacko S, Gureje O, Kigozi F, Lempp H, Lund C, Petersen I et al: Developing capacity-building activities for mental health system strengthening in low- and middle-income countries for service users and caregivers, service planners, and researchers. Epidemiology and psychiatric sciences 2017:1-11.

Tanser, F., Vandormael,A.,Cuadros,D., Phillips, AN., de Oliveira,T., Tomita, A., Barnighausen, T., Pillay, D. Effect of population viral load on prospective HIV incidence in a hyperendemic rural African community. Science translational medicine. 2017.

Petersen I, Rathod S, Kathree T, Selohilwe O, Bhana A. Risk correlates for physical-mental multimorbidities in South Africa: a cross-sectional study. Epidemiology and psychiatric sciences. Dec 4 2017:1-9.

Wilbroda H. Ngidi, Joanne R. Naidoo, Busisiwe P. Ncama,1 Zamasomi P. B. Luvuno, and Tisane P. Mashamba-Thompso. Mapping evidence of interventions and strategies to bridge the gap in the implementation of the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV programme policy in sub-Saharan countries: A scoping review Afr J Prim Health Care Fam Med. 2017; 9(1): 1368.

Luvuno, Zamasomi, Ncama Busisiwe, Mchunu Gugu “Knowledge, attitudes and practices of   health care workers related to treatment and care of transgender patients: a qualitative study in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.” Gender & Behaviour 15.2 (2017).

Sikweyiya, Y., Nduna, M., Khuzwayo, N., Mthombeni, A., & Mashamba-Thompson, T.P. (2016). Gender-based violence and absent fathers: a scoping review protocol. BMJ Open, 6(6), p.e010154.

Mntlangula N.M., Khuzwayo, N., & Taylor, M. (2016). Nurses perceptions about their behavioural counselling for HIV/AIDS, STIs and TB in eThekwini Municipality clinics KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, Health SA Gesondheid http://dx.doiorg/10.1016/j.hsag.2016.09.001   

Khuzwayo, N., Taylor, M., & Connolly, C. Prevalence and correlates of violence amongst South African high school learners in uMgungundlovu district municipality- Accepted by SAMJ

Haskins, L., Grant, M., Phakathi, S., Mntambo, N., Wilford, A., & Horwood, C. (2016). Fragmentation of maternal, child and HIV services: a missed opportunity to provide comprehensive care. African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine

Orne-Gliemann, J., Zuma, T., Chikovore, J., Gillespie, N., Grant, M., Iwuji, C., Larmarange, J., McGrath,N., Lert,F.,  Imrie, J., TasP Study Group. (2016). Community perceptions of repeat HIV-testing: experiences of the ANRS 12249 Treatment as Prevention trial in rural South Africa. AIDS Care. 28 (3), 14-23. 

Brooke-Sumner C, Lund C, Selohilwe, O., & Petersen, I. (2016). Community-based psychosocial rehabilitation for schizophrenia service users in the North West Province of South Africa: A formative study. Social Work in Mental Health. August, 1-35, DOI: 10.1080/15332985.2016.1220439

Petersen, I., Evans-Lacko, S., Semrau, M., Barry, M. M., Chisholm, D., Gronholm, P., Egbe, C. O., & Thornicroft, G. (2016). Promotion, prevention and protection: interventions at the population- and community-levels for mental, neurological and substance use disorders in low- and middle-income countries. International Journal of Mental Health Systems. 10.1186/s13033-016-0060-z  

Jordans, M. J., Chisholm, D., Semrau, M., Upadhaya, N., Abdulmalik, J., Ahuja, S., Alem, A., Hanlon, C., Kigozi, F., Mugisha, J., Petersen, I., Shidhaye, R., Lund, C., Thornicroft, G., & Gureje, O. (2016). Indicators for routine monitoring of effective mental healthcare coverage in low- and middle-income settings: a Delphi study. Health Policy and Planning. 10.1093/heapol/czw040

Brooke-Sumner, C., Lund, C., & Petersen, I. (2016). Bridging the gap: investigating challenges and way forward for intersectoral provision of psychosocial rehabilitation in South Africa. Int J Ment Health Syst. 10, 21. PubMed PMID: 26962328. Pubmed Central PMCID: 4784432.

Mall, S., Hailemariam,M., Selamu, M., Fekadu, A., Lund, C., Patel, V., Petersen, I., & Hanlon, C. (2016). ‘Restoring the person’s life’: a qualitative study to inform development of care for people with severe mental disorders in rural Ethiopia. Epidemiology and psychiatric sciences. 10, 1-10. PubMed PMID: 26961343.

Baron, E. C., Hanlon, C., Mall, S., Honikman, S., Breuer, E., Kathree, T., & Tomlinson, M. (2016). Maternal mental health in primary care in five low- and middle-income countries: a situational analysis. BMC Health Serv Res, 16(1), 53. doi: 10.1186/s12913-016-1291-z

Breuer, E., De Silva, M. J., Shidaye, R., Petersen, I., Nakku, J., Jordans, M. J., & Lund, C. (2016). Planning and evaluating mental health services in low- and middle-income countries using theory of change. Br J Psychiatry, 208 Suppl 56, s55-62. doi: 10.1192/bjp.bp.114.153841

Chisholm, D., Burman-Roy, S., Fekadu, A., Kathree, T., Kizza, D., Luitel, N. P., & Lund, C. (2016). Estimating the cost of implementing district mental healthcare plans in five low- and middle-income countries: the PRIME study. Br J Psychiatry, 208 Suppl 56, s71-78. doi: 10.1192/bjp.bp.114.153866

De Silva, M. J., Rathod, S. D., Hanlon, C., Breuer, E., Chisholm, D., Fekadu, A., & Patel, V. (2016). Evaluation of district mental healthcare plans: the PRIME consortium methodology. Br J Psychiatry, 208 Suppl 56, s63-70. doi: 10.1192/bjp.bp.114.153858

Hanlon, C., Fekadu, A., Jordans, M., Kigozi, F., Petersen, I., Shidhaye, R., & Patel, V. (2016). District mental healthcare plans for five low- and middle-income countries: commonalities, variations and evidence gaps. Br J Psychiatry, 208 Suppl 56, s47-54. doi: 10.1192/bjp.bp.114.153767

Lentoor, A. G., Oppong Asante, K., Govender, K., & Petersen, I. (2016). Psychological functioning among vertically infected HIV-positive children and their primary caregivers. AIDS Care, 1-7. doi: 10.1080/09540121.2015.1124979

Petersen, I., Fairall, L., Bhana, A., Kathree, T., Selohilwe, O., Brooke-Sumner, C. & Patel, V. (2016). Integrating mental health into chronic care in South Africa: the development of a district mental healthcare plan. Br J Psychiatry, 208 Suppl 56, s29-39. doi: 10.1192/bjp.bp.114.153726

Matthews, MG., Diab P. (2016). An exploration into the awareness and perceptions of medical students of the psychosociocultural factors which influence the consultation: Implications for teaching and learning of health professionals. AJHPE,  8(1), 65-68

Diab, P., Matthews, M., & Gokool, R(2016) Medical students’ views on the use of video technology in the teaching of isiZulu communication, language skills and cultural competenceAJHPE, 8(1), 11-14

Gaede, B. M. (2016). Doctors as street-level bureaucrats in a rural hospital in South Africa. Rural and Remote Health, 16(3461). Available:

Caldwell, R. I., Gaede, B. M., & Aldus, C. (2016). The value of internal medicine outreach in rural KwaZulu-Natal. South African Medical Journal, 106(3), 259-262

Moshabela, M., Zuma T., & Gaede, B. M. (2016). ‘The elephant in the room’ – Traditional health practitioners in South Africa. South African Health Review

Robinson, N., Moshabela, M., Owusu-Ansah, L., Kapungu, C., & Geller, S. (2016). Barriers to Intrauterine Device Uptake in a rural Setting in Ghana. Health Care for Women International, 37(2), 197-215

Zissette, S., Watts, M., Prose, N., Mntambo, N., & Moshabela, M. (2016) “If you don’t take a stand for your life, who will help you?” Men’s engagement in HIV care in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Psychology of Men and Masculinity, 17(3), 265-273

Moshabela, M., Zuma, T., Orne-Gliemann, J., Iwuji, C., Larmarange, J., & McGrath, N. on behalf of the ANRS 12249 TasP Study (2016). ‘It is better to die’: Experiences of Traditional Health Practitioners within the HIV treatment as prevention trial communities in rural South Africa (ANRS 12249 TasP Trial). AIDS Care, 28(S3), 24-32

Moshabela, M., Zuma, T., Gaede, B. (2016).  Bridging the gap between Biomedical and Traditional Health Practitioners in South Africa. South African Health Review, 2016, 83-92

Zuma, T., Wight, D., Rochat, T., & Moshabela, M. (2016). The role identity of African traditional health practitioners in rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 16(1), 304

Barry, MM., Clarke, AM., & Petersen, I. (2015) Promotion of mental health and prevention of mental disorders: priorities for implementation. Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal. 21 (7), 503-516. 

Patel, V., Chisholm, D., Parikh, R., Charlson, F. J., Degenhardt, L., Dua, T., Ferrari, A. J., Hyman, S., Laxminarayan, R., Levin, C., Lund, C., Medina Mora, M. E., Petersen,I.,  & DCP MNS Group. (2015). Addressing the burden of mental, neurological, and substance use disorders: key messages from Disease Control Priorities, 3rd edition. Lancet. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(15)00390-6

Oppong Asante, K., Meyer-Weitz, A., & Petersen, I. (2015). Mental Health and Health Risk Behaviours of Homeless Adolescents and Youth: A Mixed Methods Study. Child and Youth Care Forum, DOI: 10.1007/s10566-015-9335-9.

Bhana, A., Rathod, S. D., Selohilwe, O., Kathree, T., & Petersen, I. (2015). The validity of the Patient Health Questionnaire for screening depression in chronic care patients in primary health care in South Africa. BMC Psychiatry, 15(1), 118. doi: 10.1186/s12888-015-0503-0

Brooke-Sumner, C., Petersen, I., Asher, L., Mall, S., Egbe, C. O., & Lund, C. (2015). Systematic review of feasibility and acceptability of psychosocial interventions for schizophrenia in low and middle income countries. BMC Psychiatry, 15, 19. doi: 10.1186/s12888-015-0400-6

Caldwell, R. I., Gaede, B. M., & Aldous, C. (2015). Description of an internal medicine outreach consultant appointment in western KwaZulu-Natal: 2007 to mid-2014. South African Medical Journal, 105(5), 353-356

Gaede, B. M. (2015). South African Family Practice Manual (third edition): Book Review. African Journal of Primary Health Care and Family Medicine, 7(1)

Gray, A., Conradie, F., Crowley, T., Gaede, B., Gils, T., Shroufi, A., Hwang, B., Kegakiliwe, D., Nash, J., Pillay, P., Stende, S. C., Venter, F., & Mathews, P., (2015). Improving access to antiretrovirals in rural South Africa – a call to action. South African Medical Journal, 105(8), 638-640

Pantelic, M., Cluver, L., Boyes, M., Toska, E., Kuo, C., & Moshabela, M. (2015). Medical pluralism predicts non-ART use among parents in need of ART: A community survey in KwaZulu-Natal South Africa. Aids and Behavior, 19(1), 137-144

Becker, E., Kuo, C., Operario, D., Moshabela, M., & Cluver, L. (2015). Measuring child awareness for adult symptomatic HIV using a verbal assessment tool: Concordance between adult–child dyads on adult HIV-associated symptoms and illnesses. BMJ Sexually Transmitted Infections, 91(7), 528-533

Moshabela, M., Sene, M, Nanne, I., Tankoano, Y., Schafer, J., Diouf, O., & Sachs, S. (2015). Early detection of maternal deaths in Senegal through household-based death notification: integrated verbal and social autopsy. BMC Health Services Research, 15(1), 16

Fried, J., Harries, B., Eyles, J., & Moshabela, M. (2015). “Acceptable Care?” Illness constructions, healthworlds and accessible chronic treatment in South Africa. Qualitative Health Research, 25(5), 622-635

Birch, S., Govender, V., Fried, J., Eyles J., Daries, V., Moshabela, M., & Cleary, S. (2015). Does treatment collection and observation each day keep the patient away? Analysing the determinants of adherence among patients with Tuberculosis in South Africa. Health Policy & Planning,

Cluver, L., Boyes,  M., Bustamam, A., Casale, M.Henderson, K., Kuo, C., Lane, T., Latif, S., Latif, N., Maucheline, K., Meinck, F., Moshabela, M., Orkin, M., & Sello, L. (2015). The cost of action: Large-scale, longitudinal quantitative research with AIDS-affected children in South Africa. In D. Posel & F, Ross (Eds.). Ethical quandaries in social research. Cape Town: HSRC Press, ISBN: 978-0-7969-2489-6

Mlotshwa, L., Harris, B., Schneider, H., & Moshabela, M. (2015). Exploring perceptions and experiences of Community Health Workers using Role Identity Theory.  Global Health Action, 8, 28045

Nanne, I., Moshabela, M., Huynh, U., & Diop, P. M. (2015). When development breeds contempt: case examples of community-driven health systems initiatives. Journal of Development Practice, 25(8), 1120-1130

Moshabela, M., Sips, I., & Barten, F. (2015). Needs assessment for home-based care and the strengthening of social support networks: the role of community care workers in rural South Africa. Global Health Action, 8, 29265

Horwood, C.M., Youngleson, M.S., Moses, E., Stern, A.F., Barker, P.M. (2015). Using adapted quality improvement approaches to strengthen community-based health systems and improve care in high HIV-burden sub-Saharan African countries. AIDS. 29 (suppl 2): S155-164

Marais, D. L., & Petersen, I. (2015). Health system governance to support integrated mental health care in South Africa: challenges and opportunities. International journal of mental health systems, 9(1), 14.

Books and Book Chapters
  • Barry, M., Clarke, A.M., Petersen, I., Jenkins, R. (2019). Implementing mental health promotion. 2nd New York: Springer.
  • Wagenaar, B.H., Petersen, I., Rao, D., Chwastiak, L. (2019). Collaborative care models: A global perspective. In Stein, D.J., Bass, J.K., Hoffman, S.G. (Eds). Global Mental Health and Psychotherapy. (pp. 153-170). London: Academic Press.
  • Hatloy A., Horwood C, Mapatano Mala Ali. Building a new master and PhD program in nutrition epidemiology in Kinshasa, DR Congo – how to face obstacles beyond the control of the project? In: Norhed Norwegian program for capacity development in higher education
  • Janse van Rensburg A & Bracke P 2019. The politics of global health governance. In Hurrelmann K & Wendt C (eds.). Governance of Health and Well-being. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • KEMP, C., CHWASTIAK, L., PETERSEN, I., BHANA, A., WAGENAAR, B., UNÜTZER, J. & RAO, D. under contract, 2020. Critical assessment of integrated care models: lessons for training and practice in implementing programs in low-resource settings. In: BIBHAV, A. & BECKER, A. E. (eds.) Global Mental Health Services Delivery: A Framework for Training and Practice. USA: Routledge.
  • Bhana, A., & Gbotemi Babatunde (2022). Child and adolescent mental health: an ecological perspective. In VISSER, M., AKHURST, J., CAROLISSEN, R., & MATAMELA, N (eds.) Community Psychology. South African praxis. Chapter 24, Pp. 425-441. Pretoria: Van Schaik Publishers.
  • Petrus, R., Gigaba, S.G., Mntambo, N., Janse Van Rensburg, A., Petersen, I. Mental health services in communities in South Africa. In VISSER, M., AKHURST, J., CAROLISSEN, R., & MATAMELA, N (eds.) Community Psychology. South African praxis. Chapter 11, pp. 185-204. Pretoria: Van Schaik Publishers.